Automatic Braking Systems Cut Incidence of Rear-End Crashes in Half 20 Auto Manufacturers Commit to Making the Technology Standard in Nearly All Light-Duty Vehicles by Mid-2023

Automatic Braking Systems Cut Incidence of Rear-End Crashes in Half

By Main Street Sentinel Staff

The driverless vehicle revolution has yet to arrive, but its little sister, automatic braking technology, is a demonstrable success according to two recent studies. Data from 12 million police-reported accidents across 13 states shows that cars equipped with the automated systems reduce the incidence of rear-end car crashes by half.

Twenty automakers have committed to making the technology standard in 95 percent of their light-duty vehicles by the end of the current model year, which concludes in August of 2023.

The two studies by The Partnership for Analytics Research in Traffic Safety and the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety also found that the systems reduced crashes involving pickup trucks by 40 percent.

The Insurance Institute’s Vice President of Research Jessica Cicchino noted that “pickups account for 1 out of 5 passenger vehicles on U.S. roads, and their large size can make them dangerous to people in smaller vehicles or on foot.” Still, pickups remain less likely than sedans and other vehicle types to have these systems equipped and so deserve special scrutiny.

Though less significant, the studies also found that lane departure warning systems and lane-keeping systems reduced crashes caused by vehicles leaving the roadway by 8 percent.

Walking Can Protect Dogs and Humans From Developing Dementia Two large studies provided data indicating that taking walks is the most effective way to prevent against cognitive decline in canines and humans.

Walking Can Protect Dogs and Humans From Developing Dementia

By Main Street Sentinel Staff

Two large studies of humans and dogs have recently concluded that being physically active significantly reduces the risk of developing dementia with age.

According to the Dog Aging Project, like humans, dogs can develop dementia with age, Matt Kaeberlein, professor at University of Washington in Seattle explained to the Washington Post. Often this manifests with dogs staring blankly at walls, getting lost in their own homes, or retreating under sofas or into closets, unable to make their way out again.

The new study, which for the first time was able to look at a large cross-section of dogs and include data on breeds, age, sterilization, physical activity and more, showed that the two greatest correlated factors for cognitive dysfunction in dogs were age and physical activity, or the lack thereof.

These findings echo those of an international team of scientists based in Denmark, who studied data from almost 78, 500 middle-aged or older men and women. Researchers followed data from volunteers from the UK Biobank – a huge database of health data – and compared it with hospital records and diagnoses of dementia.

They found that people who average about 9,800 steps a day were half as likely to develop dementia as sedentary people. Moreover, if some of these paces were completed at a fast pace, the risk of cognitive decline dropped further.

Taking into account a 2019 study which indicated that dog owners are four times more likely to actively exercise, it really seems like dogs and humans are fated to be best friends.

At-Home Calisthenic Exercises Equivalent to Hard Run: Study Equipment-Free Bodyweight Exercises – Squats, Burpees, Lunges – Tax the Body Like a Treadmill Run

At-Home Calisthenic Exercises Equivalent to Hard Run: Study

By Main Street Sentinel Staff

A new study out of the University of Mexico suggests that you don’t have to go to the gym, buy expensive exercise equipment, or even leave the office to get the equivalent salubrious benefits of a hard run on the treadmill.

The leader of the new study, doctoral candidate Gabriella Bellissimo, sought to find out whether a quick bodyweight workout “can be called high-intensity exercise,” she said. And her work suggests that it does.

Ms. Bellissimo monitored the heart rates and oxygen consumption of 12 healthy 20- and 30-year-olds as they worked through two different kinds of interval training. In the first, the subjects alternated their pace on a treadmill for a total of 11 minutes. In the second, the participants performed 5 different bodyweight exercises over the same duration: high knees, squat jumps, scissor jacks, jumping lunges and push-up-free burpees.

After comparing the data and surveying the participants about muscle soreness a few days later, the study concluded that the bodyweight exercises were equivalently strenuous to the running intervals.

So if you don’t have the time to make it to the gym, the room for a treadmill at home, or the chance to leave the office – bodyweight exercises might be the workout for you.

Teens Increasingly Using TikTok for Mental Health Diagnosis and Support Social media platform offers ways for isolated teens and young adults to identify potential symptoms, but experts say relying on TikTok to fully evaluate symptoms has dangers.

Teens Increasingly Using TikTok for Mental Health Diagnosis and Support

By Main Street Sentinel Staff

TikTok and other social media platforms have, in recent years, become forums for the proliferation of discussion about mental health. This has proven true particularly for teens who might first be experiencing psychological distress and unable to talk to family about their symptoms, the New York Times reported.

For her, that meant that during the isolation of the pandemic lockdown and the convulsions of racial unrest of that period, she did a lot of knitting.

TikTok’s format of videos of less than a minute offers easy to digest “bite-sized” definitions along with self-diagnosis quizzes which has made information more available and can help reduce stigma around mental illness and distress.

However, mental health experts warn that it has also led to a noticeable increase in teenagers who believe they have mental illnesses, including extremely rare ones. While not a problem in and of itself when appropriate, professional help is sought out, in some cases it can result in people incorrectly believing they have specific disorders, avoiding therapeutic treatments, or engaging in ineffective or dangerous treatments.

Mitch Prinstein, chief science officer of the American Psychological Association, told the New York Times that the problem is “it’s incredibly easy to misdiagnose. You might have symptoms that look like what an adult’s depression would look like, but as a child or adolescent it very well could mean something completely different.”

It is very easy to get roped into believing that a symptom equals a disorder, and misunderstand the nature of your psychological distress, experts warn. Teens, looking for community, can label themselves as having a disorder and seek treatment or compassion in the comments of popular videos and creators on TikTok.

And yet the platform’s popularity for discussions of mental health is likely due to the fact that many teens are in situations where they may not feel able to talk about what they are experiencing with parents or other adults.

Climate Change Threatens Trees in Cities Extreme changes of temperature, water, and invasive pests due to climate change exacerbate challenge for trees in urban environments causing accelerating canopy loss. Scientists hope to offset this with assisted migration of non-invasive species.

Climate Change Threatens Trees in Cities

By Main Street Sentinel Staff

The last summer in Seattle was the driest on record. And after the record breaking heat dome in 2021, the city’s trees are showing worrying signs of last ditch efforts to reproduce and survive, the AP reported.

This echoes problems that have been occurring in cities all over the country as a 2018 study found that over 25 states have seen significant tree decline in the last 10 years. The problem is particularly acute in cities where housing, commercial construction, compacted soil, and pollution contribute to a tree’s tenuous chance at survival.

Extreme swings in temperature, moisture, wind and other atmospheric factors, all due to climate change, exacerbate an already difficult situation for urban trees, explained David Nowak, a retired scientist for the U.S. Forest Service. Unfortunately, this vulnerability is occurring even as it becomes more important to provide tree cover in cities to offset the urban “heat island” effect.

Cities have been investing more money for planting more trees for their carbon-absorbing effects as well as to combat the heat. However, as conditions deteriorate, this has become harder to sustain with city budgets.

Nevertheless, efforts are being made to combat this problem. President Biden’s Inflation Reduction Act tried to offset some of these problems by investing $1.5 billion for the Forest Service’s urban tree program. Meanwhile, scientists have looked to non-invasive, resilient trees like sequoias as candidates for “assisted migration” in an effort to shore up city canopy coverage.

100-Mile World Record Disqualified after Controversial Racecourse Measurement Error Camille Herron’s 100-mile world record of 12 hours and 41 minutes was discounted after USA Track & Field refused to certify results, claiming course was several hundred feet too short, a claim contested by Herron and race organizers.

100-Mile World Record Disqualified after Controversial Racecourse Measurement Error

By Main Street Sentinel Staff

In February 2022, 40-year-old Camille Herron, one of the world’s most accomplished professional ultrarunners, beat the world record for the 100-mile, finishing in a mere 12 hours 41 minutes, 30 minutes faster than Arlen Glick, the first male finisher.

Or so she thought.

Now her world record, and indeed every race that day at the Jackpot Ultra Running Festival, has been disqualified by US Track & Field for an apparent miscalculation of the race distance, the Washington Post reported.

After the race, a top graded World Athletics measurer checked the distance twice – once in February and again in November – and concluded that the distance was 716 feet short of 100-miles, contradicting the race organizer’s measurer.

Herron, her coach/husband Conor Holt, and race director Ken Rubeli have contested this claim stating that the findings were “open to subjectivity” and questioned the accuracy of measurements taken eight months after the race and without the participation of the race organizer.

Nevertheless, David Katz, chair of USATF Road Running Technical Council stated that after a total of 4 post-race measurements and a long process of verifying various data points that the race organizers “produced a course of less than 100 miles.”

The difference comes down to slight changes made to one turn for safety, and subsequent adjustments made the turns to compensate. The organizer Rubeli questioned the wisdom of USATF’s ruling stating that “inches matter in a short loop course with over 90 laps” and argued that the USATF’s measurers failed to take his changes into account.

While the debate appears to be ongoing, what is clear is the results have been demoralizing for Camille Herron, who said that “this has weighed heavy on me and impacted my performances.”

New Metric Shows Climate Disasters Are Commonplace Nationwide Report Finds That 90 Percent of American Counties Have Experienced a Major Disaster in Last 11 Years

New Metric Shows Climate Disasters Are Commonplace Nationwide

By Main Street Sentinel Staff

A recently published report used a new metric to reach a grim, if not surprising, conclusion about the ubiquity of climate disasters across the country. Rebuild by Design, a nonprofit focused on helping communities rebuild after a disaster, prepared the report and employed a new metric to determine that 90 percent of American counties have experienced a climate-change-related calamity since 2011.

Property damage, deaths, and recovery expenditures are well established measures of the toll a given natural disaster takes on a community, but the study looked for a more macroscopic heuristic and aggregated the number of times the federal government officially declared a disaster after a catastrophe. Such a designation is made when the scale of the destruction overwhelms municipal, county, and state resources’ ability to respond.

The report also found that 700 counties suffered 5 or more disasters a year and that 29 states averaged one disaster a year in the period studied.

Amy Chester, Rebuild by Design’s managing director, said at the time of the report’s release that “Climate change is here,” and “Every single taxpayer is paying for climate change.”

Study Finds That With Every 2,000 Steps We Take We Live Longer Totals of 10,000 Steps or More Linked to Reduced Incidence of Cardiovascular Disease, Dementia and 13 Types of Cancer

Study Finds That With Every 2,000 Steps We Take We Live Longer

By Main Street Sentinel Staff

A recent study concluded that with every 2,000 steps you take each day your risk of “premature death” decreases by 8 to 11 percent. The Journal of the American Medical Association Internal Medicine published the study after monitoring the activity of 78,500 middle-aged (and older) participants over a median of seven years.

A related study that ran simultaneously in JAMA Neurology found that accumulating upwards of 10,000 steps a day was linked to a reduction in cardiovascular diseases, 13 types of cancer and dementia.

The 21st Century’s conventional wisdom that 10,000 steps a day improved longevity was borne out by the twin studies, but the research also suggested that even a fraction of that activity also had significant health benefits. Yes, 9,800 steps reduced the risk for dementia by 50 percent, but even 3,800 steps reduced the risk by 25 percent.

And when those steps were taken more vigorously, the health benefits were amplified. So step to it.

During Trial, Elon Musk Speaks About CEO Role at Twitter and Reiterates Criticism of SEC Elon Musk, CEO of Tesla and SpaceX, claims that his position as CEO of Twitter, which he has recently acquired, is temporary, and offers softer criticism of the SEC.

Teens Increasingly Using TikTok for Mental Health Diagnosis and Support

By Main Street Sentinel Staff

Elon Musk, the world’s wealthiest man, who recently also became the owner of popular social media platform Twitter, spoke in court on Wednesday about his intentions for the website. “I expect to reduce my time at Twitter and find somebody else” to eventually run the company, Musk said.

The issue of Musk as CEO of a company was germane to the proceedings because he is currently being sued by Richard J. Tornetta, a shareholder of electric vehicle maker Tesla. Musk is also the CEO of Tesla, as well as the defense contractor SpaceX. Tornetta’s suit alleges that Musk’s 2018 compensation at Tesla was unreasonably large.

Musk has claimed that his work as CEO has more to do with science than business. “CEO is often viewed as somewhat of a business-focused role but in reality, my role is much more that of an engineer developing technology,” he said.

He added that his recent request to Tesla employees to volunteer their time at Twitter was “voluntary” rather than mandatory. He also reiterated earlier criticisms of the Securities and Exchange Commission, saying that the “SEC fails to investigate things that they should and places far too much attention on things that are not relevant.” The SEC fined Musk after a 2018 tweet that affected the price of Tesla shares.

Candidates Debate Differences On Abortion Rights In Michigan; Dixon Calls Single Working Women “Lonely”Abortion in Michigan faces an uncertain future following the fall of Roe v. Wade, and the issue took center stage in the first debate between Governor Whitmer and GOP nominee Tudor Dixon.

In first debate, Michigan gubernatorial candidate Tudor Dixon (R) remained firm on her opposition to abortion rights, including in cases of rape or incest.

By Main Street Sentinel Staff

For now, a 91-year-old law that would jail women who seek abortions and the doctors who provide them, even in cases of rape or incest, cannot be enforced. Gov. Gretchen Whitmer filed a lawsuit to block the law and a Circuit Court Judge issued an injunction.

This contrasts with the position of Tudor Dixon, the Republican nominee for governor, who supports enforcement of the law and recently doubled down on her opposition to abortion.

During the debate, Whitmer reminded voters of Dixon’s position: “This is a candidate who said a 14-year-old child raped by a family member is a ‘perfect example’ of why we shouldn’t have abortion rights,” adding, “To protect our rights, we cannot trust Mrs. Dixon.”

At an event following the debate, Dixon attacked Whitmer, saying Michiganders “don’t have support for families… unless they look exactly the way she wants… Single women working. That’s like her dream… Last time I checked, that’s a pretty lonely life.”

In First Debate, Whitmer Touts Lowering Health Care Costs, Job Creation, Fastest Small Business Growth in 23 YearsAbortion in Michigan faces an uncertain future following the fall of Roe v. Wade, and the issue took center stage in the first debate between Governor Whitmer and GOP nominee Tudor Dixon.

Michigan has had one of the strongest economic recoveries in the country... I will continue to move Michigan forward and boost our economy. Governor Whitmer in Grand Rapids

By Main Street Sentinel Staff

Michigan’s economy took center stage in the first debate between Governor Whitmer and her Republican opponent, Tudor Dixon.

Whitmer addressed inflation head-on, saying, “A Governor cannot fix global inflation but we can keep more money in your pocket.” Whitmer pointed to record job growth and an economic recovery that Bloomberg News called number one in the country. Under Governor Whitmer, Michigan has seen more than 30,000 new auto jobs and the fastest small business growth in 23 years.

The Governor made news during the debate by calling for a tripling of the Earned Income Tax Credit, ending the retirement tax, and suspending the state sales tax on gas.

This fall, Governor Gretchen Whitmer took action to lower costs for working families by signing an executive directive to take advantage of tax credits and other opportunities made available in the Inflation Reduction Act.

Experts say this will significantly lower health care costs for Michigan families. The legislation allows Medicare to negotiate lower prescription drug prices while capping out-of-pocket expenses at $2,000/year. Insulin costs for Medicare are now capped at $35 per month.

Tudor Dixon, the Republican nominee for governor, opposed the legislation and called on Michigan’s congressional delegation to vote no.

Tudor Dixon Confirms Support for Criminalizing Abortion in Cases of Rape, Incest; Whitmer Vows to Defend RightsAbortion in Michigan faces an uncertain future following the fall of Roe v. Wade, and the issue took center stage in the first debate between Governor Whitmer and GOP nominee Tudor Dixon.

Tudor Dixon (R) has said a 14-year-old-girl raped by a family member is a

By Main Street Sentinel Staff

Tudor Dixon stood behind her previous remarks about abortion and confirmed that she supports a 1931 Michigan law that does not provide exceptions to an abortion ban in cases of rape and incest.

In an interview, Dixon was asked about whether a 14-year-old who had been raped by her uncle should be permitted access to an abortion and she said that this was a “perfect example.” She has also suggested that right to an abortion creates “a safe haven” for sexual predators. “If you’re a predator, there’s nothing you like more than abortion,”

Dixon’s position stands in contrast to that of Governor Gretchen Whitmer, who has sued to block the 91-year-old Michigan law, which would make abortion illegal even in the case of rape and incest, from going into effect. Whitmer has said abortion is a personal decision that should remain between women and their families, their doctors, and their God — not politicians.